In 1989 life expectancy at birth in European countries was about
75 years of age. In CEE
it ranged from 69.3 to 78.2 years, with a clear tendency for the
lowest values to occur.
expectancy at birth by country
Infant mortality (deaths of children under the age of one) is another
important health indicator. It seems to be declining in all European
countries. However, in some parts of CEE the infant mortality rate
is high (especially in Romania, Albania and Serbia and Montenegro)
due mainly to poor sanitary conditions.
In 1992, a survey conducted in various Czech regions where there
were strong concentrations of suspended particulates in the air
detected a high rate of infant mortality due to respiratory diseases.
According to general mortality statistics, the most common causes
of death in Europe are:
diseases of the circulatory system (42 percent of all deaths
in Western Europe, 55 percent in CEE and 58 percent in the former
cancer (25 percent in Western Europe, 17 percent in CEE and
16 percent in the former USSR);
injuries and poisonings (6-9 percent); followed by
respiratory and digestive diseases, and other causes.